Here you can get a better understanding of how excess weight can lead to type 2 diabetes. The risk factors of type 2 diabetes are obesity, excess weight and severe obesity. Most of thetimes people do not consider the health risk of excess weight till they get diagnosed with type- 2 diabetes.
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Type 2 diabetes is a chroniccondition. It is a fatal medical problem and one needs regular monitoring of the blood sugar level .Theindividual also has to get treated regularly. In the caseof type 2 diabetes the body does not produce of use the insulin properly. Insulinis a hormone that is produced by the pancreas that helps to move the sugar to the cells. When this happens then the body starts to get resistant to insulin. The resistance causes a rush in thebloodsugar levels.
Here are the complications of high blood sugarlevels. When there is excess of sugar in the blood then this causes many health related issues. The cells are not able to get enough sugar that they need and when the sugar levels get high in the blood then it starts to cause blood vessel andnerve damage. This usuallyhappens in the kidneys, heart, eyes and feet. There areothercomplications of high sugar and insulin resistance.
It causesan increase in risk of stroke and heartdiseases. It causesnervedamage.Especially in the case of an extremity it could cause renal impairment and problems with the vision.Cardio vascular issues,erectiledysfunction, amputation and depression are other causes of type 2 diabetes.
How is excess sugar managed in thebody?
During fast or between two meals the body relies on the stored glucose that is present in the liver. This is the glycogen. The body uses it for energy. Glycogen is formed of thousand glucose molecules. These are held together using the water molecules. If one fasts for a long time then the body may instead use the fatty acids andthe amino acids that helps in its metabolic processes.
Aftera meal the process of chemical digestion and chewing produces sugar. This is a form of fuel that is readily available. The fuel is used by the organsespecially thebrain tissue and the muscles. In the normal state the glucose that getsproduced fromthesedigestiveprocesses gets into the cells and helpswith other metabolic processes.