NIH announces $100M for new HIV research initiative

The Obama administration announced Monday afternoon that the National Institutes of Health will redirect $100 million in funding to establish a new, three-year program to find better treatments–and eventually, a cure–for HIV and AIDS.

HIV is a virus that resides in the blood of humans, in sexual fluids as well as in breast milk. One who gets infected with HIV has a weak immune system. This does not let the body to fight off the common germs like fungi, virus andother invaders.HIV spreads mainly when one has unprotected sex or shares needles.

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or AIDS is a condition when the immune system stops to work and the infected falls sick because of HIV. You may be suffering from bladderspasm. This is nothing to worry about as it is not as deadly as HIV. Learn this here nowon waysto treat it.

Who can get infected with HIV?

The infection can spread from one to the other when some body fluid is shared. This happens during ananal or vaginal intercourse. It can also be passed down when injected drugs are shared. Dirty needles used to tattoo the body,piercing the body and oral sex could also get one infectedwith HIV.

A mother who is infected with HIV can passit down to thechild during birth or when she breastfeeds the child.Even if the baby gets exposed to the mother infected blood he can be infected with HIV. HIV does not reside in the tears or saliva.

It is not easy to getinfected with HIV like you couldgetinfected with the other viruses. The virus is not capable of surviving long outside the human body system and it drieswhen the body fluid dries up. Insectsandanimals also do not spreadHIV and neither can it spreadby touching the public surfaces that have been used by an HIV patient.

Dubbed the HIV Cure Initiative, the new investment is meant to spark basic research in this area, which is expected to benefit AIDS research in general, as well as research on other diseases.

Already, both government and industry scientists have helped develop more than 30 life-saving antiretroviral drugs and drug combinations to treat HIV infection. But these therapies require patients to take drugs over the course of their lifetime and can cause a host of unpleasant side effects and other medical complications.